We have implemented fully interactive tropospheric gas-phase chemistry and sulfate aerosol modules into the new generation state-of the-art Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) modelE general circulation model (GCM). The code has been developed with a unique flexibility to perform simulations in coupled or off-line (decoupled) mode. Both modes use identical chemical calculations, but the decoupled simulation relies on previously saved off-line oxidant and aerosol concentration fields whereas the cou…
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