2011
DOI: 10.1590/s0103-20032011000400005 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Resumo: O presente estudo avalia os efeitos da facilitação de comércio sobre o comércio bilateral de um conjunto de países, que inclui o Brasil e alguns de seus importantes parceiros comerciais. A partir de variáveis associadas à facilitação de comércio, são construídos, para cada país da amostra, três índices de facilitação utilizando a análise fatorial: dois índices de facilitação nas importações e um índice de facilitação nas exportações. A relação desses índices com o padrão de comércio bilateral entre os … Show more

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“…According to the World Bank (2010) the customs index encompasses information such as: 1. if the customs declarations are processed electronically and this process is clear and transparent, 2. if the information is complete and available on time due to changes in regulations, 3. if imports and exports occur according to schedule, 4. if the time between submission of the documentation in customs clearance is expensive, among others. In terms of transparency this index is crucial, especially regarding the customs clearance time and bribery (Souza & Burnquist, 2011). According to Cipolla (2013) the customs variables have the highest impact on the trade flow of Brazil and its main partners.…”
Section: Customs Indexmentioning
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“…According to the World Bank (2010) the customs index encompasses information such as: 1. if the customs declarations are processed electronically and this process is clear and transparent, 2. if the information is complete and available on time due to changes in regulations, 3. if imports and exports occur according to schedule, 4. if the time between submission of the documentation in customs clearance is expensive, among others. In terms of transparency this index is crucial, especially regarding the customs clearance time and bribery (Souza & Burnquist, 2011). According to Cipolla (2013) the customs variables have the highest impact on the trade flow of Brazil and its main partners.…”
Section: Customs Indexmentioning
“…Houve um amplo esforço recente no cenário político internacional em prol da liberalização comercial e redução de tais barreiras. A importância da facilitação comercial tem destaque como pauta de discussão na Organização Mundial do Comércio (OMC), na conferência Ministerial de Cingapura, em 1996, e foi reforçada como tema na agenda de discussões na Rodada de Doha, em 2003 (SOUZA;BURNQUIST, 2011;SOUZA, 2014).…”
Section: Introductionunclassified
“…O entendimento de facilitação do comércio pode ter mais de um sentido e englobar diversas variáveis, por isso implica interpretações distintas. Desta forma, o conceito considerado neste estudo é o entendimento de facilitação do comércio presente na literatura empírica sobre o tema (SOUZA; BURNQUIST, 2011BURNQUIST, , 2012SOUZA, 2014;SADIKOV, 2007;MANN e OTSUKI, 2004). Esses autores consideram facilitação do comércio como um conjunto de políticas que reduzem os custos de comercialização internacional, o que envolve os chamados borders elements (elementos de fronteira), que se referem à eficiência das atividades portuárias e alfandegárias.…”
Section: Introductionunclassified
“…Recently, there has been an increase in the number of articles in which the gravity model is applied to determine export behaviour, which, directly and significantly, include Chile or the Southern Cone countries, the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) or the Andean Community (CAN) (Durso and Ochoa, 2003;Giacalone, 2003;Kamil and Ons, 2003;Martínez-Zarzoso and Nowak-Lehmann, 2003;Nicita, Olarreaga and Soloaga, 2003;Vallejo and Aguilar, 2004;Cárdenas and García, 2004;Lewer and Sáenz, 2004;Martínez-Zarzoso and Suárez-Burguet, 2004;Lara and Soloaga, 2005;López and Fernando, 2005;Sandberg, Seale and Taylor, 2006;Sá Porto and Azzoni, 2007;Serrano and Pinilla, 2008;Valenzuela-Klagges, 2011;Ramos-Martínez and others, 2012;Álvarez, Fischer and Natera, 2013;Florensa and others, 2013;Bacaria-Colom, Osorio-Caballero and Artal-Tur, 2013;Hernández, 2014;Valenzuela-Klagges and Espinoza-Brito, 2015). Several of these studies use cross -section data to apply this model; but nowadays there is a tendency to estimate the gravity model using static and panel data with fixed or random effects Burnquist, 2011, andSant' Anna andDe Souza, 2014) and dynamic effects. Nonetheless, there are still few studies that aim to determine the effects of trade facilitation on South American trade, and there are no published studies for the specific case of Chile.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning