volume 163, issue 3, P328-337 2017
DOI: 10.1111/eea.12584
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Katrin G. Ruppert, Cory Matthew, Catherine M. McKenzie, Alison J. Popay

Abstract: In New Zealand, the fungal endophyte Epichlo€ e festucae var. lolii Latch, Christensen & Samuels (Hypocreales) is widely used to enhance productivity and survival of mature perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne L. (Poaceae) plants. These endophytes produce alkaloids that reduce damage by insect pests, such as Argentine stem weevil (ASW), Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). However, knowledge of the effect of these fungi on seedlings is limited. High concentrations of grass-endophyte-de…

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