volume 18, issue 2, P341-368 2004
DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2004.01.009
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Matthew R Smallman-Raynor, Andrew D Cliff

Abstract: Wartime epidemics of infectious diseases have decimated the fighting strength of armies, caused the suspension and cancellation of military operations, and brought havoc to the civil populations of belligerent and nonbelligerent states. This article summarizes the principal factors that have contributed to the spread of infectious diseases in past wars and reviews the associated demographic losses in military and civil populations. Drawing on the detailed epidemiologic records for the United States Army, case …

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