2019
DOI: 10.24086/cuesj.v3n1y2019.pp56-60
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Immunological Aspects of Trichomonas vaginalis Infection in Women Attending Maternity Teaching Hospital and Some Public Health Centers in Erbil Governorate, Northern Iraq

Abstract: Trichomonas vaginalis infection is one of the sexually transmitted diseases. It is a health problem all over the world, including Iraq. It has also been associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy and increased risk of HIV. Trichomoniasis typically elicits aggressive local cellular immune responses with inflammation of the vaginal epithelium and exocervix in women and urethra in men. The present study was aimed to assess serum level of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), Interleukin 10 (IL-10), C-reactive protein, ant… Show more

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Cited by 3 publications
(4 citation statements)
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References 19 publications
(28 reference statements)
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“…shows the level of immunoglobulins in the serum of women infected with parasite compared to the control group, as the results of the current study showed a significant increase in the level of IgM in the serum of women with T. vaginalis compared to the control group (8.2 ± 2.9 ng/dl), (6.3 ± 0.5 ng/dl), respectively. This finding is consistent with (14) who, through their studies, found a higher IgM level in the serum of mice infected with the parasite compared to the control group, also (15) found through their study a rise in the IgM level in the serum of women infected with the parasite and comparison with the control group indicating that acute infection with T.vaginalis stimulate the humoral immune response because IgM is indicator of acute period of infection. In addition, this is leads to knowledge of insights and trends for preventing parasite infection or developing treatment (16) .…”
Section: Estimation Of Immunoglobulin Levels Igm Lgg Andsupporting
confidence: 88%
“…shows the level of immunoglobulins in the serum of women infected with parasite compared to the control group, as the results of the current study showed a significant increase in the level of IgM in the serum of women with T. vaginalis compared to the control group (8.2 ± 2.9 ng/dl), (6.3 ± 0.5 ng/dl), respectively. This finding is consistent with (14) who, through their studies, found a higher IgM level in the serum of mice infected with the parasite compared to the control group, also (15) found through their study a rise in the IgM level in the serum of women infected with the parasite and comparison with the control group indicating that acute infection with T.vaginalis stimulate the humoral immune response because IgM is indicator of acute period of infection. In addition, this is leads to knowledge of insights and trends for preventing parasite infection or developing treatment (16) .…”
Section: Estimation Of Immunoglobulin Levels Igm Lgg Andsupporting
confidence: 88%
“…This result was less than what (Merdaw et al, 2015)reached when it was recorded (34.41%) among women in Baghdad, and (Jarallah, 2013) when scored (55.65%) among women in Basra-Iraq. It is higher than (Taher et al, 2018) when scored (14.3%) in Najaf-Iraq, and (Nouraddin & Alsakee, 2015)(2.73%) Among women in Erbil-Iraq, in Iran, (Ghobahi et al, 2019) scored a total infection rate (2.6%).…”
Section: Risk Factors For Menmentioning
confidence: 64%
“…This parasites infects females mainly and males to a lesser extent (Hirt & Sherrard, 2015). The parasite is transmitted directly from one host to another during intercourse or indirectly through a medical examination when using a contaminated vaginal scope, as some research indicated that it can be transmitted through contaminated toilets or uses patient tools (Nouraddin & Alsakee, 2015). But it is customary to depend on the survival of the parasite over the humidity of the surrounding environment (Etuketu et al, 2015).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Recently, a study in the north of Iraq was conducted to assess serum levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), Interleukin 10 (IL-10), C-reactive protein, and antiphospholipid, anticardiolipin antibodies with eosinophil count in response to T.vaginalis infection. The observation of this study appeared that serum IFN-γ levels and antiphospholipid immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies were significantly increased in infected women (70). A comparative study was carried out to compare ELISA and wet mount preparation for the detection of T. vaginalis infection, and its findings reveal that these two techniques recorded 65.5% and 57.2%, respectively (71).…”
Section: T Vaginalis In Humansmentioning
confidence: 93%