2009
DOI: 10.2202/1540-8884.1317 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Immigration is the driving force behind the rapidly growing ethnic, racial, and religious diversity of Western welfare states. This essay reviews research on the effects of immigration and diversity on the political support for redistributive social programs. A growing body of scholarship finds negative relationships between indicators of ethnic heterogeneity and measures of immigration, on the one hand, and attitudes towards welfare measures and state expenditures on welfare, on the other. Responding to these… Show more

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“…) and in Europe (Wright & Reeskens ; Ford , ). This complements a longstanding body of work on welfare‐chauvinistic parties in Western Europe (e.g., Freeman ; Van Der Wall et al. ) and growing literatures on the tension between diversity and support for the welfare state as well (for recent reviews, see Nannestad ; Stichnoth & Straeten ; Soroka et al.…”
Section: Introductionsupporting
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“…) and in Europe (Wright & Reeskens ; Ford , ). This complements a longstanding body of work on welfare‐chauvinistic parties in Western Europe (e.g., Freeman ; Van Der Wall et al. ) and growing literatures on the tension between diversity and support for the welfare state as well (for recent reviews, see Nannestad ; Stichnoth & Straeten ; Soroka et al.…”
Section: Introductionsupporting
“…In this article we discuss 'welfare chauvinism' (Andersen and Bjørklund, 1990: 212;Freeman, 2009), native citizens' unwillingness to grant social rights to foreigners. In other words, welfare chauvinism refers to an understanding of the welfare state as a 'system of social protection for those who belong to the ethnically defined community and who have contributed to it' in support for welfare chauvinism, particular attention will be given to the interaction between our globalization indicators and individual socio-economic status.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…Social identity‐based diversity has been singled out as a detrimental factor for welfare state development and redistribution policies (Alesina and Glaeser 2004; Freeman 2009; De La O and Rodden 2008). Different reasons have been presented for this alleged negative relationship (for a review, see Banting and Kymlicka 2006).…”
Section: The Challenge Of Diversity: From Voters To Politicsmentioning
“…Although several studies support the existence of a negative relationship between redistribution and welfare politics on the one hand, and identity‐based diversity (or at least immigration) on the other (see Freeman 2009 for a review), there is considerable debate about the different circumstances under which this negative relationship applies. Several works cast doubt on the notion that western European countries are traveling down the road of the USA in terms of a negative relationship between heterogeneity and welfare state generosity (Taylor‐Gooby 2005; Banting 2005; Van Oorschot 2008; Crepaz 2008).…”
Section: The Challenge Of Diversity: From Voters To Politicsmentioning