The time giver hormone melatonin is secreted with both daily and seasonal rhythms in the mammalian pineal gland. We report here that the two main melatoninsynthesizing enzymes N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and hydroxyindole-Omethyltransferase (HIOMT) are differently involved in the regulation of the daily and photoperiodic rhythms of melatonin synthesis. The activity of the unstable NAT enzyme is stimulated acutely at night by norepinephrine via cAMP-dependent transcriptional mechanisms, indicating that it trigge…
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