2001
DOI: 10.1590/s1413-86702001000300002
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Abstract: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes infectious hepatitis worldwide. It is transmitted mainly by blood products and sharing of intravenous paraphernalia during illicit drug use. High prevalence rates have been described among specific groups considered to be at higher risk for HCV infection, including prison inmates. The objectives of this study were: to determine the HCV seroprevalence among inmates of Casa de

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Cited by 46 publications
(11 citation statements)
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References 15 publications
(11 reference statements)
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“…These characteristics, together with the condition of being incarcerated in crowded conditions, have resulted in an elevated prevalence of viral hepatitis infection [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]. It was estimated that, in the prison population in Spain, the prevalence of HCV infection was between 38.2 and 48% [10][11][12][13] and that of VHB surface antigen (HBsAg) was approximately 3.8% [12].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…These characteristics, together with the condition of being incarcerated in crowded conditions, have resulted in an elevated prevalence of viral hepatitis infection [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]. It was estimated that, in the prison population in Spain, the prevalence of HCV infection was between 38.2 and 48% [10][11][12][13] and that of VHB surface antigen (HBsAg) was approximately 3.8% [12].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Estudios previos señalan el uso de drogas intravenosas como factor determinante en la adquisición de la infección por el virus de la hepatitis C en instituciones carcelarias (12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17) Prevalencia de hepatitis C en reclusos tamaño de la muestra estudiada no se puede descartar que los hábitos sexuales y el uso de tatuajes jueguen un papel en la transmisión de la infección en la cárcel de Sabaneta, Maracaibo.…”
Section: Discussionunclassified
“…En centros penitenciarios, la mayoría de los prisioneros presentan conductas de alto riesgo para infecciones de transmisión parenteral y sexual, y algunas de ellas propician la adquisición de la infección por el virus de la hepatitis C. Estudios realizados en estas poblaciones indican que el principal factor de riesgo, es el uso de drogas intravenosas (12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17).…”
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“…Coinfection with the two viruses (HCV/HIV) is associated with an accelerated course of hepatitis C disease [5][6][7]. Prison populations constitute a very high-risk group; they have high levels of HCV infection and HIV or HBV coinfection [11,12]. HCV positive inmates are at exceptional risk for coinfection with HIV because of the association of injectable substance abuse [9][10][11][12].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%