volume 59, issue 2, P554-560 2021
DOI: 10.1111/aje.12849
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Abstract: There is no doubt that a substantial number of ants (Formicidae: Hymenoptera) live exclusively in the soil. As with most other invertebrate groups, subterranean ant species are poorly documented and their basic ecology is not known (Cardoso et al., 2011). These species display peculiar behaviours and are morphologically different from any other ants. Cryptobiotic or subterranean (ants below the ground) are small, with no or very small eyes, reduced or absent spines, short legs and depigmented body (Weissflog e…

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