DOI: 10.1016/j.wnsx.2018.100002
View full text

Abstract: Background Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a benign disease caused by the hyper excitement of facial nerves owing to vessel compression. The offending vessels are usually arteries, such as anterior and posterior inferior cerebellar or vertebral arteries, but there are few reports of vein involvement cases. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate veins as offending vessels in patients with HFS confirmed by abnormal muscle response (AMR). Methods …

expand abstract