World Neurosurgery: X 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.wnsx.2018.100002 View full text
Wenlei Yang, Yasuhiro Kuroi, Suguru Yokosako, Hidenori Ohbuchi, Shigeru Tani, Hidetoshi Kasuya

Abstract: Background Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a benign disease caused by the hyper excitement of facial nerves owing to vessel compression. The offending vessels are usually arteries, such as anterior and posterior inferior cerebellar or vertebral arteries, but there are few reports of vein involvement cases. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate veins as offending vessels in patients with HFS confirmed by abnormal muscle response (AMR). Methods …

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