volume 38, issue 6, P489-520 2020
DOI: 10.1521/soco.2020.38.6.489
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Travis J. Carter, Gayathri Pandey, Niall Bolger, Ran R. Hassin, Melissa J. Ferguson

Abstract: We report findings from a meta-analysis on all published and unpublished studies from our labs (total N = 9,656) examining the priming effect of the American flag on political attitudes. Our analyses suggest that, consistent with the studies we originally published in 2011 (T. J. Carter et al., 2011b), American flag primes did create politically conservative shifts in attitudes and beliefs during the initial time period when data were collected (even excluding the published studies), but this effect has since…

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