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Cited by 8 publications
(1 citation statement)
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“…Pathologies such as different severities of LeFort Fractures were produced due to direct impacts onto the facial skeleton. Following studies specific to steering wheel‐induced trauma, fracture probability distribution as a function of peak impact force was reported (Yoganandan et al,1989,1991a,d,1993,1996a). Although the advent of airbags and increased manual seatbelt usage have mitigated serious facial injuries, findings from the PMHS model have been used to develop instrumentations to measure facial loads; the most recent frontal impact anthropomorphic test device (dummy), THOR, has also used in this research (Haffner et al,2001; Shams et al,2005).…”
Section: Facial Traumamentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Pathologies such as different severities of LeFort Fractures were produced due to direct impacts onto the facial skeleton. Following studies specific to steering wheel‐induced trauma, fracture probability distribution as a function of peak impact force was reported (Yoganandan et al,1989,1991a,d,1993,1996a). Although the advent of airbags and increased manual seatbelt usage have mitigated serious facial injuries, findings from the PMHS model have been used to develop instrumentations to measure facial loads; the most recent frontal impact anthropomorphic test device (dummy), THOR, has also used in this research (Haffner et al,2001; Shams et al,2005).…”
Section: Facial Traumamentioning
confidence: 99%