2000
DOI: 10.1001/archderm.136.12.1502
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Granulomatous Cheilitis and Borrelia burgdorferi

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Cited by 40 publications
(16 citation statements)
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“…[1] Several theories have been suggested, including infection, genetic predisposition, and allergy. [26] The classic presentation of OFG is a nontender, recurrent labial swelling that eventually becomes persistent. [7] This swelling may affect one or both lips, causing lip hypertrophy.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…[1] Several theories have been suggested, including infection, genetic predisposition, and allergy. [26] The classic presentation of OFG is a nontender, recurrent labial swelling that eventually becomes persistent. [7] This swelling may affect one or both lips, causing lip hypertrophy.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…7 There are reports that associate the pathogenesis of MC with odontogenic infection 4,9 and autoimmune mechanism. 9 Authors even mentioned that the episode of MC persists even after the infection has resolved in some patients. 4 Various food items including chocolate, food additives and cinnamon compounds have been implicated as possible etiologic agents; the elimination of these items from food have led to improvement in some patients.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Several theories have been postulated, including infection, genetic predisposition, and allergy [79]. A monoclonal lymphocytic expression, secondary to the chronic antigenic stimulation, cytokine production leading to granulomas formation, and a cell-mediated hypersensitivity reaction have also been suggested [10].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%