volume 21, issue 1, P1-17 2007
DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2007.01.010
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Salim S. Abdool Karim, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Eleanor Gouws, Cheryl Baxter

Abstract: Although intravenous drug use is the major route of transmission in several countries, sexual transmission is the dominant mode of HIV spread globally, with a concomitant epidemic in infants borne to HIV-infected mothers. The HIV epidemic varies substantially from one geographic area to another, and three broad epidemic categories describe the diversity of features observed globally: low epidemic settings, centrzated epidemics, and generalized epidemics. The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy…

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