2015
DOI: 10.1128/cmr.00006-15
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Global Epidemiology of Campylobacter Infection

Abstract: SUMMARY Campylobacter jejuni infection is one of the most widespread infectious diseases of the last century. The incidence and prevalence of campylobacteriosis have increased in both developed and developing countries over the last 10 years. The dramatic increase in North America, Europe, and Australia is alarming, and data from parts of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East indicate that campylobacteriosis is endemic in these areas, especially in children. In addition to … Show more

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Cited by 1,115 publications
(1,167 citation statements)
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References 423 publications
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“…However, these species are relatively fastidious and require an H 2 -enriched environment to grow (Lastovica, 2006;Kaakoush & Mitchell, 2012;Nielsen et al, 2013a). Such conditions are generally not employed by most clinical laboratories and it is therefore believed that the clinical relevance of these emerging Campylobacter species, including Campylobacter concisus, is highly under-reported (Lastovica, 2006;Kaakoush et al, 2015b). While initial studies focused on the role of Campylobacter concisus in oral diseases such as periodontitis, more recent studies have reported Campylobacter concisus to play a role in gastrointestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases, Barrett's oesophagus and gastroenteritis (Lastovica, 2006;Macfarlane et al, 2007;Kaakoush & Mitchell, 2012;Blackett et al, 2013;Nielsen et al, 2013a;Kaakoush et al, 2014bKaakoush et al, , 2015b.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…However, these species are relatively fastidious and require an H 2 -enriched environment to grow (Lastovica, 2006;Kaakoush & Mitchell, 2012;Nielsen et al, 2013a). Such conditions are generally not employed by most clinical laboratories and it is therefore believed that the clinical relevance of these emerging Campylobacter species, including Campylobacter concisus, is highly under-reported (Lastovica, 2006;Kaakoush et al, 2015b). While initial studies focused on the role of Campylobacter concisus in oral diseases such as periodontitis, more recent studies have reported Campylobacter concisus to play a role in gastrointestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases, Barrett's oesophagus and gastroenteritis (Lastovica, 2006;Macfarlane et al, 2007;Kaakoush & Mitchell, 2012;Blackett et al, 2013;Nielsen et al, 2013a;Kaakoush et al, 2014bKaakoush et al, , 2015b.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Other Campylobacter species are important, with Campylobacter coli considered a clinically important pathogen, accounting for around 5-19% of Campylobacter-associated gastroenteritis worldwide (Allos, 2001;Kaakoush et al, 2015b). Recently, Campylobacter species other than Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli have been suggested to play a role in human disease.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…In recent years, molecular biology techniques, mainly high-throughput sequencing, have dramatically accelerated the identification of novel Campylobacter species (Debruyne et al, 2008). Campylobacter species are commensal or pathogenic bacteria of a broad range of mammals, birds and reptiles (Kaakoush et al, 2015). Thermophilic Campylobacter species are associated mainly with poultry and most of them have zoonotic potential (Man, 2011).…”
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confidence: 99%