2002
DOI: 10.1590/s0104-71832002000100006 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Este artigo trata do surgimento da ginecologia durante a segunda metade do século XIX, procurando evidenciar, por um lado, a singularidade histórica dessa especialidade no campo da medicina e, por outro, a sua justificativa ideológica. A ginecologia se apresenta como o ramo da medicina dedicado ao estudo da mulher e se constitui a partir da noção de que o corpo e o papel social femininos são determinados pela função procriativa. É com base na idéia de que o comportamento da mulher é gerenciado pela sexualidade… Show more

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“…Por ello, que en su seno se problematice una cuestión que antaño formaba parte del quehacer cotidiano que nadie discutía 33 puede estar indicando que existen ciertos resquebrajamientos de ese dispositivo. Desde este punto de vista, la feminización puede leerse como 32 LAQUEUR, 1994;ROHDEN, 2002. 33 Karin JOHANNINSSON, 2006;LÓPEZ SÁNCHEZ, 2010. causa y consecuencia a la vez de ese resquebrajamiento, las grietas por las que las cambiantes relaciones de género societales permean el conocimiento y las prácticas de la medicina científica. Esto significaría considerar a la feminización no como un mero cambio demográfico, sólo de números, sino como un proceso de cambio configuracional -en lo material y en lo simbólico -del ejercicio profesional.…”
Section: Las Resistencias Las Resistencias Las Resistencias Las Resisunclassified
“…In the first half of the twentieth century, sex hormones seemed to crown a process begun in the previous century of consolidating gynaecology as a discipline distinct from obstetrics, broadening considerably the possibilities for the clinical management of what had been born as an eminently surgical specialitu 19 . In the first editions of Anais (and with its collaboration) we can already observe the development of a modernizing style of thought among Brazilian gynaecologists -and also obstetricians 20 -whose elements can be delineated as: a belief in the linear and assured evolution of science; an openness and eagerness for the incorporation of scientific and technological innovations; promotion of the cosmopolitan nature of Brazilian gynaecology; a project designed to place Brazil shoulder-to-shoulder with other nations in terms of scientific and technological dynamism.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
“…Krakowski (2004), in his study on pathologizing pregnancy, points out that since before the 1930s, in the context of medical colleges, there were schools of thought that supported the pathological potential of childbirth and that indicated the "perils of birth, " both for the woman and the baby. This brought about an absence of women during deliveries, either in regard to the work performed by traditional midwives, or to the decreasing participation of women during labor (Mott, 2001;Rohden, 2002;Brigagão and Gonçalves, 2010).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…In this process, doctors played a key role and, along with governments, established parameters and guidelines for birth. These notions were based on scientific descriptions of women's bodies as flawed, and of birth as a risky event (Martin, 1989;Rohden, 2002), and they are, in a Foucauldian sense, fixed to the "scientific discursivity" of the knowledge-power of medicine and doctors (Foucault, 1988).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…A genitália feminina tornou-se notável objeto de pesquisa científica (NUNES, 2000;ZWANG, 2000;LIVOTI, TOPP, 2006;WOLF, 2013;SCHIMITT, 2014, SILVA, PAIVA, COSTA, 2017) a partir do século XIX, especialmente quando relacionado ao crescente interesse pela medicalização do corpo feminino (PETER, 1981;SHORTER, 1984;BADINTER, 1985;NUNES, 2000;LAQUEUR, 2001;ROHDEN, 2002;VIEIRA, 2002;MARTINS, 2005;MARTIN, 2006;LIOTARD-SCHNEIDER, 2010;CASTRO, 2011), e, ao mesmo tempo, tem sido lugar de múltiplas experimentações e intervenções, sejam elas cirúrgicas ou não. Partindo desse corpus teórico, apreendemos que os genitais são, assim como a sexualidade, gênero, e nossas percepções sobre ambos, construções sócio-históricas.…”
Section: A Vagina Em Focounclassified