volume 36, issue 4, P944-961 2020
DOI: 10.1093/oxrep/graa044
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Paola Giuliano

Abstract: Abstract:  This paper reviews the literature on gender and culture. Gender gaps in various outcomes (competitiveness, labour force participation, and performance in mathematics, among many others) show remarkable differences across countries and tend to persist over time. The economics literature initially explained these differences by looking at standard economic variables such as the level of development, women’s education, the expansion of the service sector, and discrimination. More recent …

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