Bone defects created after curettage of benign bone tumors are customarily filled with solid poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) or other bone substitutes. In this study, we depicted a porous PMMA-based cement (produced by mixing sodium bicarbonate and citric acid) and evaluated the prospect of its clinic application. Cement samples were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to mass spectrometry and its cytotoxicity evaluated in fibroblast cultures. Implantation in rabbits allowed the histologic analysis of bone, kidneys, and liver for toxicity and coagulation tests, and MRI images for hemostasis evaluation. Osseointegration was analyzed through radiography, microtomography (micro-CT), SEM, and histology of sheep specimens. Rabbit specimens were analyzed 1, 4, and 7 days after implantation of porous or solid bone cement in 6.0 mm femoral defects. Sheep specimens were analyzed 3 and 6 months after implantation or not of porous or solid cement in 15.0 mm subchondral tibial defects. The production process did not release any detectable toxic substance but slightly reduced fibroblast proliferation in vitro. Until 7 days after surgery, no local or systemic alterations could be detected in histology, or hematoma formation in histology or MRI. Sheep implants showed 6 mm linear ingrowth from the bone-cement interface and 20% bone ingrowth considering the whole defect area. Radiography, micro-CT, SEM, and histology confirmed these findings. We conclude that our porous PMMA-based cement is an attractive alternative treatment for bone defect filling that combines osseointegration and early weight bearing. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 106B: 649-658, 2018.