volume 71, issue 2, P38-49 1991
DOI: 10.1177/003288559107100205
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Abstract: For years, the Texas prison system was known for its gang-free institutions. Up until the mid-l970s, while other states were fighting prisoner gangs for control of the institutions, Texas prisons were relatively gang-free. The Black Muslims were the only organized inmate group which appeared in the late 1950s. Throughout the 1960s, the Muslim movement gained members but, contrary to staff expectations and fears, these inmates were not particularly assault prone or disruptive (Price 1975).Texas was a relative …

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