This paper proposes a dynamic high-type control (DHTC) method based on an interval type-2 fuzzy logic controller (IT2FLC), which is used in the photoelectric tracking system to improve the steady-state accuracy and response speed. Adding integrators to the traditional multi-loop feedback control loop can increase the system type, thereby speeding up the response speed and improving the steady-state accuracy, but there is a risk of integral saturation. Switching the type dynamically according to the system state can avoid integral saturation while retaining the advantages of the high-type. Fuzzy logic control (FLC) can dynamically change the output value according to the input change and has the advantages of fast response speed and strong ability to handle uncertainties. Therefore, in this paper, the FLC is introduced into the high-type control system, and the output of the FLC is used as the gain of the integrator to control the on-off to achieve the goal of dynamic switching type, which is successfully verified in the experiment. IT2FLC introduces a three-dimensional membership function, which further improves the FLC’s ability to handle uncertainties. From the experimental results, compared with T1FLC, IT2FLC’s ability to handle uncertainties is significantly improved. In addition, in order to speed up the calculation speed of IT2FLC, this paper proposes an improved type-reduction algorithm, which is called weighted-trapezoidal Nie-Tan (WTNT). Compared with the traditional type-reduction algorithm, WTNT has faster calculation speed and better steady-state accuracy, and has been successfully applied to real-time control systems, which has good engineering application value. Finally, in order to reduce the interference of human factors and improve the automation level of the system, a multi-population genetic algorithm (MPGA) is used to iteratively optimize the parameters of the FLC, which improves the output accuracy. On the experimental platform of the flexible fast steering mirror (FFSM), the control effects of the traditional controller, T1FLC and IT2FLC are compared, which proves that the IT2FLC-DHTC system has a faster response performance, higher steady-state accuracy, and stronger ability to handle uncertainties.