1988
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1022986 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: The absorption of single photons in the molecules of biological tissue can induce various reactions. For the most medical laser applications the transformation from radiation energy into heat is relevant. The laser beam is used for coagulation or vaporization of tissue. The changes in tissue, which are created by light of different wavelengths depends on the thermal and optical properties (absorption and scatting) of tissue but also on the parameters of irradiation. As an example measurements from human skin a… Show more

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“…For the majority of medical laser applications the transformation of radiation energy into heat is extremely relevant. Several studies revealed that the use of most thermal lasers have been inadequate for direct ablation of arterial occlusions because of its undesired effects (10,11). Some communications have reported severe complications such as perforations, arterial spasms, thrombosis and aneurysm using thermal lasers to disobstruct vessels (8,2).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…For the majority of medical laser applications the transformation of radiation energy into heat is extremely relevant. Several studies revealed that the use of most thermal lasers have been inadequate for direct ablation of arterial occlusions because of its undesired effects (10,11). Some communications have reported severe complications such as perforations, arterial spasms, thrombosis and aneurysm using thermal lasers to disobstruct vessels (8,2).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…Light interacts with matter in a variety of ways, primarily absorption (where energy is transferred from the light to the particle), elastic scattering (including phenomena like Mie and Rayleigh scattering, in which photon energy and wavelength are conserved), and inelastic scattering (including Stokes-Raman and anti-Stoke-Raman scattering, in which the energy and light wavelength change) (Figure 3(A1)). More detailed information and mathematical calculations can be found elsewhere [147][148][149][150][151][152][153][154][155][156][157][158].…”
Section: Particle-light Interactionmentioning
“…Several studies have determined the hemo static effect of Nd:YAG laser coagulation in room air or CO? pneumoperitoneum at lapa roscopy [4,5]. However, in utero coagulation of fetoplacental vessels is significantly differ ent from conventional coagulation at laparos copy.…”
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