2001
DOI: 10.1590/s0004-282x2001000500001 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: -Objective: To study the brain areas which are activated when normal subjects make moral judgments. Method: Ten normal adults underwent BOLD functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the auditory presentation of sentences that they were instructed to silently judge as either right or wrong. Half of the sentences had an explicit moral content (We break the law when necessary), the other half comprised factual statements devoid of moral connotation (Stones are made of water). After scanning, each subje… Show more

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“…In even simple pairwise choice tasks, where subjects are asked which of two items within a category they prefer (e.g., pink or yellow color), VMF patients elicit a reliably higher level of inconsistency than healthy controls (Fellows & Farah, 2007). Neuroimaging studies have corroborated these findings, showing ventromedial prefrontal activity for many types of decisions, including reward-based decisions (O'Doherty, Kringelbach, Rolls, Hornak, & Andrews, 2001;Kringelbach, 2005;Blair et al, 2007;Daw, O'Doherty, Dayan, Seymour, & Dolan, 2006), guessing (Elliott, Rees, & Dolan, 1999) and moral judgments (Heekeren, Wartenburger, Schmidt, Schwintowski, & Villringer, 2003;Moll, Eslinger, & Oliveira-Souza, 2001;Moll, de Oliveira-Souza, Bramati, & Grafman, 2002;. Specifically, the VMF has been hypothesized to represent the current relative value of stimuli, which is then used to guide decision making (Fellows & Farah, 2007;Kringelbach, 2005;Sugrue, Corrado, & Newsome, 2005).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
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“…In even simple pairwise choice tasks, where subjects are asked which of two items within a category they prefer (e.g., pink or yellow color), VMF patients elicit a reliably higher level of inconsistency than healthy controls (Fellows & Farah, 2007). Neuroimaging studies have corroborated these findings, showing ventromedial prefrontal activity for many types of decisions, including reward-based decisions (O'Doherty, Kringelbach, Rolls, Hornak, & Andrews, 2001;Kringelbach, 2005;Blair et al, 2007;Daw, O'Doherty, Dayan, Seymour, & Dolan, 2006), guessing (Elliott, Rees, & Dolan, 1999) and moral judgments (Heekeren, Wartenburger, Schmidt, Schwintowski, & Villringer, 2003;Moll, Eslinger, & Oliveira-Souza, 2001;Moll, de Oliveira-Souza, Bramati, & Grafman, 2002;. Specifically, the VMF has been hypothesized to represent the current relative value of stimuli, which is then used to guide decision making (Fellows & Farah, 2007;Kringelbach, 2005;Sugrue, Corrado, & Newsome, 2005).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…In addition to establishing a target system for intuitive normative judgment, many of the fMRI studies found that brain regions linked with emotional processing are also active during moral judgments (Greene et al 2001;Moll et al 2001Moll et al , 2002aHeekeren et al 2003; for review see Greene & Haidt 2002;Moll et al 2003). As in the lesion data, the orbitofrontal cortex was often implicated.…”
Section: Normative Judgment In the Brainmentioning
“…In the past 4 or 5 years, a flurry of fMRI studies has investigated the neural basis of normative judgment (Greene & Haidt 2002;Greene et al 2001;Moll et al 2001Moll et al , 2002aMoll et al ,b, 2003Heekeren et al 2003Heekeren et al , 2004. Although it is possible to raise methodological concerns about some of these studies, it is important to recall that they are pioneering efforts.…”
Section: Normative Judgment In the Brainmentioning
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“…Un sin número de investigaciones han involucrado a la corteza fronto-medial (MFC) en funciones como control y monitoreo de las acciones 12,13 , monitoreo de resultados relacionados con castigos y recompensas 14,15 , percepción subjetiva de estímulos 16,17 , y cognición social 18 . Existe evidencia creciente del rol de la MFC en el autocontrol 13 , siendo esencial en el control de la acción, de modo que sea consistente con las circunstancias y propias intenciones 12,13,19 .…”
Section: Corteza Fronto Medialunclassified