Quantities related to the response of grounding electrodes subject to lightning currents are simulated under the assumption of constant and frequency-dependent soil resistivity and permittivity for 100-4000 Ω·m soils, using an accurate electromagnetic model. It was found that the frequency dependence of soil parameters is responsible for decreasing the grounding potential rise of electrodes and, thus, their impulse impedance and their impulse coefficient. This effect is more pronounced with increasing soil re…
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