2007
DOI: 10.1590/s1679-62252007000300011
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Abstract: Following behavior is a widespread feeding tactic among marine fishes, but remains poorly documented for freshwater fishes. The present study describes such association between two freshwater species: the minute armored catfish Parotocinclus maculicauda and the South American darter Characidium sp. During underwater observations in an Atlantic Forest stream, we recorded Characidium sp. closely following P. maculicauda (<5cm), catching the particles dislodged by this catfish's grazing activity. The following be… Show more

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Cited by 19 publications
(27 citation statements)
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References 18 publications
(27 reference statements)
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“…In reef zones of marine environments, the nuclear-follower interaction is an important component of communities, involving a large number of species (Strand, 1988;Lukoschek & McCormick, 2000;Sazima et al, 2007). In freshwater environments, the number of records of this interaction has increased with the increment of the naturalistic studies in these environments; even though, the occurrence of this interaction is apparently underestimated (Baker & Foster, 1994;Leitão et al, 2007;Teresa & Carvalho, 2008;GarroneNeto & Sazima, 2009).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In reef zones of marine environments, the nuclear-follower interaction is an important component of communities, involving a large number of species (Strand, 1988;Lukoschek & McCormick, 2000;Sazima et al, 2007). In freshwater environments, the number of records of this interaction has increased with the increment of the naturalistic studies in these environments; even though, the occurrence of this interaction is apparently underestimated (Baker & Foster, 1994;Leitão et al, 2007;Teresa & Carvalho, 2008;GarroneNeto & Sazima, 2009).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…So called following association comprise a fish or a fish group that excavate or otherwise disturb the substrate while foraging, and one or more opportunistic species that capitalize on the small animals and other food types displaced by the foraging activity of the former (Strand, 1988;Lukoschek & McCormick, 2000). This association is a well-known one in the marine environment (see Strand, 1988;Sazima et al, 2007 for overviews), although a few instances are reported from freshwater habitats as well (e.g., Sazima, 1986;Baker & Foster, 1994;Leitão et al, 2007;Teresa & Carvalho, 2008).…”
mentioning
confidence: 93%
“…Although the cichlids only approached the ray while it was already stirring the substrate, the association is here regarded as following behavior even if a very transient one (see Sazima et al, 2007;Leitão et al, 2007;Teresa & Carvalho, 2008). The association between cichlids and rays was recorded in still water (marginal ponds and dammed river portions), which favors sediment deposition.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Menezes & Caramaschi 1994, Aranha & Caramaschi 1999, Mazzoni & Iglesias-Rios 2002a, Mazzoni et al 2002, Mazzoni & Silva, 2006Vitule et al 2007, 2008a, Braga et al 2008, feeding habits (e.g. Aranha & Caramaschi 1999, Aranha et al 2000, Vitule & Aranha 2002, Rezende & Mazoni 2003, Barreto & Aranha 2006, Leitão et al 2007, Mazzoni & Costa 2007, Vitule et al 2008b, population structure (e.g. Braga et al 2007) and spatial distribution (e.g.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%