DOI: 10.17265/2159-581x/2016.02.001
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Robert L. Knight, Ronald A. Clarke

Abstract: Abstract: Florida's artesian springs receive groundwater outflows from the Floridan Aquifer System and are concentrated north of I-4 and west to the Florida Panhandle. These springs and their resulting spring runs support a unique freshwater ecology dependent on perennial flows, constant temperature and chemistry, and high light transmissivity. Numerous observations indicate that Florida's springs flows are declining as a result of the increasing extraction of groundwater for human uses. North Florida's karst…

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