DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-11731-2_12
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Abstract: Terrestrial QKD channels can connect two links with a maximum distance of few hundred kilometres. In the case of fibre links, this is due to the signal attenuation in the fibre; in the case of free-space link the losses are due to atmospheric turbulence and absorption. Free-space optical terminals exploiting satellite-based relays are the only resource that can enable global scale quantum key distribution, since single photon propagation is for the main part in vacuum with no turbulence or absorption, and just…

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