2017
DOI: 10.1177/0924051917738685 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: ''Fake news'' has become a much-used and much-hyped term in the so-called ''post-truth'' era that we now live in. It is also much-maligned: it is often blamed for having a disruptive impact on the outcomes of elections and referenda and for skewing democratic public debate, with the 2016 US Presidential elections and Brexit referendum often cited as examples. ''Fake news'' has also been flagged for fuelling propaganda and ''hate speech'' and even violence. ''Pizzagate'' is an infamous example of exceptional ci… Show more

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“…En cualquier caso, resultan pertinentes las categorizaciones que desarrollan la literatura académica teniendo en cuenta el uso flexible y abusivo que se está realizando del término 'fake news', principalmente entre figuras públicas (Trump como caso paradigmático) con la intención de minar la honestidad del periodista (McGonagle, 2017 (2019) distinguen las noticias falsas como género y la etiqueta de fake news que se aplica a determinadas noticias, especialmente por parte de figuras políticas, cuya intención es desprestigiar al periodismo; por ello, las autoras advierten que el término de fake news no debe ser aplicado para agrupar de forma indiscriminada a todos los fenómenos de falsedad.…”
Section: Estado De La Cuestiónunclassified
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“…En cualquier caso, resultan pertinentes las categorizaciones que desarrollan la literatura académica teniendo en cuenta el uso flexible y abusivo que se está realizando del término 'fake news', principalmente entre figuras públicas (Trump como caso paradigmático) con la intención de minar la honestidad del periodista (McGonagle, 2017 (2019) distinguen las noticias falsas como género y la etiqueta de fake news que se aplica a determinadas noticias, especialmente por parte de figuras políticas, cuya intención es desprestigiar al periodismo; por ello, las autoras advierten que el término de fake news no debe ser aplicado para agrupar de forma indiscriminada a todos los fenómenos de falsedad.…”
Section: Estado De La Cuestiónunclassified
“…The "profile" of fake news was facilitated by the advent of the internet; the rise of populism politics in different parts of the world like the 2016 US presidential election (Davies, 2017;Persily, 2017); the rise of tyrannical leaders, and; the Brexit referendum (McGonagle, 2017). Fake news is a complex phenomenon that can be defined based on three parameters as suggested by Wardle (2017): the type of content created and shared; the intentions of those behind this, and; the forms of dissemination.…”
Section: Understanding Fake Newsmentioning
“…Because news is socially constructed, and journalists often exercise subjective judgment on which bits of information to include and which to exclude (Tuchman, 1978), news is vulnerable not only to journalists" own preferences (White, 1950), but also to external forces, such as the government, audiences, and advertisers (Shoemaker & Reese, 2013). On the other hand, McGonagle (2017) conceptualizes fake news as information that has been deliberately fabricated and disseminated with the intention to deceive and mislead others into believing falsehoods or doubting verifiable facts; it is disinformation that is presented as, or is likely to be perceived as, news (McGonagle, 2017). Tandoc, Lim & Ling (2018) argue that we can identify different types of fake news varying on a continuum, from high to low, by considering 3 dimensions: facticity (i.e., refers to the degree to which fake news relies on facts), (2) author"s immediate intention (i.e., the degree to which the creator of fake news intends to mislead), and (3) role of the audience (i.e., passive or active).…”
Section: An Overview On Fake News Phenomenon From An Organizational Pmentioning
“…The press, particularly the partisan press, has always peddled biased opinions and stories lacking factual basis (McGonagle, 2017) regarding certain organizations. At present, such opinions and stories are produced and disseminated on an exponential scale in the online environment.…”
Section: An Overview On Fake News Phenomenon From An Organizational Pmentioning
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