2017
DOI: 10.1590/1678-98652017000300003 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: A B S T R A C T ObjectiveEvaluate the factors associated with diet quality of older adults from the city of São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo, Brazil. MethodsA cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 295 older adults receiving care in health care units in São Caetano do Sul. Diet quality was assessed using the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index. The associations between the diet quality mean score and the socio-demographic, economic, and anthropometric characteristics and lifestyle and health conditions w… Show more

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“…We observed that across all indices, both men and women in the 3rd tertile were more likely to be more educated and physically active, have never smoked, and consume dietary supplements. This is consistent with previous studies [56,57,58] showing that people with higher diet quality are more likely to have higher levels of education and healthier lifestyles than those who have lower diet quality. We also observed that across all indices, men in the 3rd tertile had higher BMIs, compared to those in the lowest tertile, and women in the 3rd tertile had higher energy intakes when compared to those in the lowest tertile.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
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“…We observed that across all indices, both men and women in the 3rd tertile were more likely to be more educated and physically active, have never smoked, and consume dietary supplements. This is consistent with previous studies [56,57,58] showing that people with higher diet quality are more likely to have higher levels of education and healthier lifestyles than those who have lower diet quality. We also observed that across all indices, men in the 3rd tertile had higher BMIs, compared to those in the lowest tertile, and women in the 3rd tertile had higher energy intakes when compared to those in the lowest tertile.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…In our study, non-smokers and drinkers of low quantities of alcohol showed higher DDS. Several studies have reported that smoking and drinking status are directly associated with less variety of food choices and poor nutrient intakes, consistent with our results [44,45]. However these findings have not been supported by a study carried out in middle-aged adults in Japan, probably because of socio-cultural differences and small sample size [46].…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…22,23 In other word, studies justified that those in higher SES families had higher income, education and better knowledge about foods. [24][25][26] In the present analysis, girls showed better diet quality than boys, a finding consistent with other researches. 15,27,28 Better diet quality among girls despite a higher intake of sodium and fats was owing to a higher score for vegetables and a lower score for SSB.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…A higher score represents a better diet quality. 26 In other words, AHEI-2010 makes no explicit division between adequacy and moderation. 12…”
Section: Calculating Hei Scoresmentioning