2017
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Abstract: Exposure to pesticides may increase the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to oxidation of cell membrane lipids and proteins. Although fruit bats are potentially exposed to pesticides during their entire lifespan, the impacts of this exposure are still poorly investigated. We examined the effects of low, commercially recommended concentrations (0, 1.05 and 2.1 g/l) of an organochlorine insecticide endosulfan (EDS) formulation on oxidative responses in the liver and kidneys of Neotropical frui… Show more

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Cited by 12 publications
(9 citation statements)
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References 54 publications
(61 reference statements)
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“…A study has also reported the increased level of serum cholesterol levels due to phenol induced toxicity in Oreochromis niloticus causing impairment in the membrane organization (Gad and Saad 2008;Vinson et al, 2001). Endosulfan also causes oxidative damage to the membrane due release of ROS leading to lipid peroxidation (Hincal et al, 1995;El-Shenawy 2010;Oliveira et al,2017). This altogether causes the onset of pathogenesis, causing disease in the animal (Di Rosa et al 1971;Kobliakov et al,2001;Sood et al 2009).…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…A study has also reported the increased level of serum cholesterol levels due to phenol induced toxicity in Oreochromis niloticus causing impairment in the membrane organization (Gad and Saad 2008;Vinson et al, 2001). Endosulfan also causes oxidative damage to the membrane due release of ROS leading to lipid peroxidation (Hincal et al, 1995;El-Shenawy 2010;Oliveira et al,2017). This altogether causes the onset of pathogenesis, causing disease in the animal (Di Rosa et al 1971;Kobliakov et al,2001;Sood et al 2009).…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Two studies conducted in the fruit bat A. lituratus measured oxidative stress when exposed to fruit sprayed with the organochlorine insecticide endosulfan and the pyrethroid insecticide deltamethrin. The metabolism of the pesticides increased the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) including nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide leading to liver morphological changes [102] and oxidative damage to both liver and the pectoral muscle [102,103]. Since fruit bats are believed to be highly resistant to oxidative stress in part due to the high level of antioxidants in their diet [104], this finding is significant.…”
Section: Zoonotic Disease Risksmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Exposure to organochlorines also caused several pathologies in bats' liver, such as vacuolization, necrosis and apoptosis (Amaral et al, 2012a, b;Oliveira et al, 2017). In addition, they induced oxidative stress (Oliveira et al, 2018) and decreased the total hepatic antioxidant capacity (Oliveira et al, 2017), which, depending on the severity of the liver lesions, can cause death (Dennis and Gartrell, 2015).…”
Section: Main Effects Of Pesticides In Batsmentioning
confidence: 99%