2021
DOI: 10.1007/s11948-021-00329-2
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Ethics and Values in Design: A Structured Review and Theoretical Critique

Abstract: A variety of approaches have appeared in academic literature and in design practice representing “ethics-first” methods. These approaches typically focus on clarifying the normative dimensions of design, or outlining strategies for explicitly incorporating values into design. While this body of literature has developed considerably over the last 20 years, two themes central to the endeavour of ethics and values in design (E + VID) have yet to be systematically discussed in relation to each other: (a) designer … Show more

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Cited by 13 publications
(3 citation statements)
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“…This narrow understanding of the object of ethical regulation in the professional approach to computer simulation is not limited to standardisation, but is also present in some ethical compliance strategies. In recent years, 'design' approaches to ethics have become popular in computer science and engineering, especially for AI applications in social settings (Donia & Shaw 2021;European Commission 2021;IBM 2019). These methods and frameworks seek to prevent ethical issues either by purposefully intervening in the technological application itself (e.g., embedding morality in artificial agents Dignum et al 2018) or in the production process (e.g., by clarifying the normative dimensions of the process or by explicitly incorporating ethics-oriented principles, activities or subprocesses Donia & Shaw 2021).…”
Section: 13mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This narrow understanding of the object of ethical regulation in the professional approach to computer simulation is not limited to standardisation, but is also present in some ethical compliance strategies. In recent years, 'design' approaches to ethics have become popular in computer science and engineering, especially for AI applications in social settings (Donia & Shaw 2021;European Commission 2021;IBM 2019). These methods and frameworks seek to prevent ethical issues either by purposefully intervening in the technological application itself (e.g., embedding morality in artificial agents Dignum et al 2018) or in the production process (e.g., by clarifying the normative dimensions of the process or by explicitly incorporating ethics-oriented principles, activities or subprocesses Donia & Shaw 2021).…”
Section: 13mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…We ground our understanding of these practice contexts through Gray and Chivukula's description of felt ethical design complexity, defined as: "the complex and choreographed arrangements of ethical considerations that are continuously mediated by the designer through the lens of their organization, individual practices, and ethical frameworks" [49], which builds on a number of critical accounts of ethics in technology practice by Shilton, Wong, Steen, and others [74,75,78,87]. We also identified the importance of considering both the normative thrust of ethical guidance and the agency of the designer, building upon the work of Donia and Shaw [22] to take seriously the role of the practitioner. In depicting the role of practitioners in these complex settings, we take on a practice-led framing, seeking not to mandate specific forms of engagement with methods or resources that have been designed or otherwise asserted by scholars, but rather to better understand what kinds of supports or scaffolds are needed for practitioners to make reasoned judgments about their methods selection and use that may then inform their work practices.…”
Section: Supports For Ethically-focused Practicementioning
confidence: 99%
“…conflating descriptions of individual values preferences with normatively desirable endpoints) (Manders-Huits, 2011). Indeed, some of the critiques associated with VID (Donia and Shaw, 2021) may also be productively applied to co-design practice.…”
Section: Avoiding the Pitfalls: Opportunities For Critical Research A...mentioning
confidence: 99%