The article develops the structure and estimates the parameters of a nonlinear learning model applicable to research designs in which students are tested at the beginning and end of a course of study. A student's precourse score is an error-ridden proxy for his precourse aptitude. As a remedy for this problem, the article combines a probit model of test score outcomes, a learning function, and a linear equation relating aptitude to demographic characteristics to deduce the exact test score distribution. An em…
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and evaluate scientific articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by researchers from dozens of countries and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.