How much has the prognosis in children with tracheo-esophageal fistula improved over the last 20 years? What factors are responsible for this improvement?What are the variables which still have a great influence in the prognosis? What is the pathophysiology of the symptoms? Once the diagnosis is made, is an emergency repair necessary? What is a sump tube? What are its advantages?Dr. W. Hardy Hendren: Today we would like to discuss some of the principles in management of infants with esophageal atresia. This i…
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