The most important emerging and rare fungal pathogens in solid organ transplant recipients are the Zygomycetes, Scedosporium, Fusarium and the dark molds. Factors impacting the emergence of these fungi include the combination of intensive immunosuppressive regimens with increasingly widespread use of long-term azole antifungal therapy; employment of aggressive diagnostic approaches (e.g. sampling of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid) and changes in patients’ interactions with the environment. Early diagnosis, diff…
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