Edge Localised Modes (ELMs) are universally recognised as one of the greatest threats to the viability of ITER and future fusion power plants based on the tokamak concept. They are plasma relaxations driven by MHD modes and are thought to originate in the steep pressure gradient region of the edge transport barrier characteristic of H-mode plasmas. In ITER, extrapolations from JET predict that Type I ELMs in the Q DT = 10 baseline scenario will expel between 3-8% of the 350 MJ plasma stored energy, depositing…
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