volume 41, issue 5, P1001-1012 2007
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.12.017
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N. Vieno, T. Tuhkanen, L. Kronberg

Abstract: The occurrence of eight pharmaceuticals (beta-blockers: acebutolol, atenolol, metoprolol and sotalol; antiepileptic: carbamazepine; fluoroquinolone antibiotics: ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin) were assessed in the raw and treated sewage of 12 sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Finland. The average concentrations in the raw and treated sewage ranged from 100 to 1060 ng L(-1) and from <24 to 755 ng L(-1), respectively. The average daily loads ranged from 36 to 405 mg/1000 inh and from 2 to 302 mg/1000 inh,…

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