El Niño-driven storms triggered widespread slope failures on Santa Cruz Island (SCI), California, during the 1997-1998 winter. After 120 years of intensive grazing, sheep had been removed from the western 90% of SCI in the 1980s. The contrast between sheep-free western SCI and heavily grazed eastern SCI created a natural laboratory for studying the effects of grazing and postgrazing recovery. Logistic regression was used to identify factors that exerted significant control upon slope failure and to test t…
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