2022
DOI: 10.1186/s41239-021-00306-6
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Effects of using mobile instant messaging on student behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement: a quasi-experimental study

Abstract: Mobile instant messaging (MIM) has become the most popular means for young people to communicate. MIM apps typically come with a myriad of features that educators may leverage to increase student learning. However, it remains poorly understood to what extent and in what aspect MIM can facilitate student engagement. We address the gap by comparing the effects of using MIM and asynchronous online discussion (AOD) on student online engagement, using a quasi-experimental study involving a historical cohort control… Show more

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Cited by 33 publications
(15 citation statements)
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“…There was therefore no way to expand the sample size of the two groups, resulting in a small sample size. The problem of small sample size often occurs in quasi-experimental studies (e.g., Cheng et al 2020 ; Cutumisu et al 2020 ; Hsiao et al 2021 ; Nicolaidou et al 2021 ; Tang and Hew 2022 ; Yalçın and Erden 2021 ; Zhao et al 2022 ). Therefore, it is necessary to expand the sample size to ensure that the experimental results are consistent with this study in future studies and to further prove the reliability of this study.…”
Section: Conclusion and Limitationsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…There was therefore no way to expand the sample size of the two groups, resulting in a small sample size. The problem of small sample size often occurs in quasi-experimental studies (e.g., Cheng et al 2020 ; Cutumisu et al 2020 ; Hsiao et al 2021 ; Nicolaidou et al 2021 ; Tang and Hew 2022 ; Yalçın and Erden 2021 ; Zhao et al 2022 ). Therefore, it is necessary to expand the sample size to ensure that the experimental results are consistent with this study in future studies and to further prove the reliability of this study.…”
Section: Conclusion and Limitationsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Speaking, as one of the four language skills, is an important skill that a person should practice and master from his/her childhood. It is also a skill that is repeated over time and learned through interaction [62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69]. Without a chance to speak and express his opinions and ideas, a person is likely to be misunderstood.…”
Section: Pronunciationmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Two theories are suggested here that may aid in the selection of delivery modes in blended learning. They are (i) the Media Richness theory, a concept developed by Daft & Lengel (1986), which continue to be employed in communication and education research such as Sun and Cheng (2007), Balaji and Chakrabarti (2010) and Ku et al (2021); and (ii) the Media Synchronicity theory (Dennis et al, 2008), a theory that has been employed in e-learning literature such as Samardzic et al (2014) and Tang and Hew (2022).…”
Section: Determining the Modes Of Delivery In Blended Learningmentioning
confidence: 99%