Satoshi Iwase, Naoki Nishimura, Kunihiko Tanaka, Tadaaki Mano
Abstract:The effects of microgravity conditions on neurovestibular, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, bone metabolic, and hemato-immunological systems are described. We discuss "space motion sickness," sensorimotor coordination disorders, cardiovascular deconditioning, muscular atrophy, bone loss, and anemia/ immunodeficiency, including their causes and mechanisms. In addition to the previously described deconditioning, new problems related to microgravity, spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS), and struct…
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