1957
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.1957.tb16987.x View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: I n a previous paper ( 2 ) an objective method was described for evaluating the softening effect of gamma radiation on one variety each of apples, beets, and carrots. These three types of plant tissues showed significantly different threshold dosage values but a similar radiation dosage-sof tening relationship. The latter was indicated by the similar angles of the straight lines obtained when the logarithm of dosage was plotted against softening as expressed by the percentage decrease in crushing loads.The pre… Show more

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“…Such a TD might mean either the minimum dose where the radiation effect first occurs or represent the extent of change that first becomes measurable. Be this as it may, in our previous work on this subject we found that such TD values have meaning and reprdducibility (Boyle et al, 1957 ;Glegg et al, 1956). Therefore, a brief discussion seems warranted of the present data in relation to a possible TD of the gamma-radiationinduced softening of lettuce tissue.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…Such a TD might mean either the minimum dose where the radiation effect first occurs or represent the extent of change that first becomes measurable. Be this as it may, in our previous work on this subject we found that such TD values have meaning and reprdducibility (Boyle et al, 1957 ;Glegg et al, 1956). Therefore, a brief discussion seems warranted of the present data in relation to a possible TD of the gamma-radiationinduced softening of lettuce tissue.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…Thus the TD of the softening of lettuce is somewhere between 600 and 1,000 Kilorad. Apples and carrots showed respective TD's of 32 and 109 Kilorad (Boyle et al, 1957). The radiationinduced softening TD of beets is around 300 Kilorad (Glegg et al, 1956), still definitely lower than the 600-Kilorad minimum value found for lettuce.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…Doses of less than 40 krad gave insignificant (less than 10%) softening. The radiation effect at about the point of inflection was irregular, a phenomenon observed before in our studies of other tissues (Glegg et al, 1956;Boyle et al, 1957). The highest dose used (2,000 krad) gave approximately 80% softening.…”
Section: Firmness and Pectin Contentmentioning
“…Comparison of the logarithm of radiation dose vs. percent change in firmness indicates a relationship similar to that observed before in the irradiation of other plant tissues (Boyle et al, 1957;Massey et al, 1961;Kertesz et al, 1964). When the changes below 10% are disregarded, calculated regression lines indicate "threshold doses" (TD's) in the range of 50220 krad.…”
Section: Firmness and Pectin Contentmentioning