Fluctuation of serum proteins and diarrhea during the process of acquisition of passive protection in newborn goat kids fed goat and bovine colostrum in natura and lyophilized bovine It was to evaluated the effect of different sources of colostrum, goat and bovine in natura, and lyophilized bovine in 25 newborn female goat kids were randomly allocated to five treatments: GCA-goat colostrum adequate (45 to 55 mg/mL of IgG), GCL-goat colostrum low (15 to 25 mg/mL of IgG), BCA-bovine colostrum adequate (45 to 55 mg/mL of IgG), LBC-bovine colostrum low (15 to 25 mg / mL of IgG) and of treatment CBL, lyophilized bovine colostrum (45 to 55 mg / mL of IgG). The animals received 5% of body weight of colostrum at 0, 12, 24 hr after birth and then, bovine milk twice a day and concentrate ad libitum until 60 days of life. Blood samples were collected in 0, ½, 1, 2 , 5, 10,15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 50 e 60 days of age. Blood was analyzed for hematocrit value and total protein (TP). Protein fractions were separated by electrophoresis and the condition of diarrhea was evaluated by color, consistency, blood/mucus presence. Blood variables analyzed as repeated measures on time.Related to hematocrit values effect of period was observed, the value at one day of age, 28.76±1.76, was higher than at 10, 30, 35 and 60 days of age, with average at 23.88±0.98, 24.18±0.70, 23.73±0.74 and 24.53 ± 0.79%, respectively. Interaction between treatment and period was observed for serum TP, treatments GCL, BCA, BCL, and LBC showed a gradual increase in serum concentrations up to 60 days of age, while GCA showed values on days 10, 15, 40, 50 and 60 days of age, greater than the value at birth. The values of serum albumin were affected by treatment and period, being the value in LBC, 2.39±0.12 g/dL, significantly lower than the GCA treatment, GCL, BCA and BCL, with 3.20±0.12 , 2.94±0.12, 3.25±0.12 and 3.08± 0.12 g/dL, respectively. A gradual increase in the concentrations of this variable was observed until 60 days of age. To 0 and ½ day of age values of serum globulin were significantly lower than the observed at last experimental date, 60 days of age. Serum albumin/globulin relation was affected by the treatment and period with the values in CBL significantly higher than observed in GCA, GCL, BCA and BCL. The relation was higher at birth decreasing in the following dates, ½ and 1 day of age. The variable gamma globulin was affected by treatment and period, with values in LBC significantly higher than in GCL and BCL, not differing from the found in GCA and BCA. The values at 0 and ½ day of age were lower than 60 days of age. Observing the diarrhea condition, in the treatments, it was verified that the GCL and BCL animal had showed higher diarrhea incidence than the animals from the other treatments, indicating an inverse relationship between antibodies in the colostrum and condition of diarrhea. The results indicate that lyophilized bovine colostrum can be used to newborns goat kids as an alternative source for the acquisition of initial protection.