period of lactation. Establishment of bipedalism prior to encephalization shaped the patterns of somatic and brain development. Brain uses a lot of energy for maintenance and development. Human children attain a large brain by decreasing body growth rate until puberty. High expenditure of brain development may cause the adolescent spurt in body growth. Such situations may have increased dependency of human children on their parents and led the human ancestors to communal breeding. Social adaptations to open l…
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