1977
DOI: 10.1002/jobm.19770170809
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Abstract: The majority of S. aureus strains isolated from beak-swabs and pathological processes in chicken shows coagulation of human plasma (not of bovine plasma), crystal violet-type A, hemolysinetype *4, formation of fibrinolysin, not formation of DXase and reactions with the experimental phage A1591. Because of the absence of DNase-formation and the reaction-specificity for phage A1591 we propose to designate these strains as host-specific variety gallinae of S. aureus. The strains from chicken are compared with str… Show more

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Cited by 9 publications
(2 citation statements)
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“…At that time characterization of S. aureus isolates by means of phenotypical traits (phage typing, hemolysine types, coagulase types, staphylokinase etc.) suggested the existence of host-adapted so-called ecovars such as for humans, cattle, sheep, and chicken (Meyer, 1967;Há jek and Marsá lek, 1969;Witte et al, 1977;Witte et al, 1978;Devriese, 1984;Theakston et al, 1990). These techniques have been useful for classifying bacterial isolates into convenient intraspecific subsets but provided little information about genetic relationships of these ecovars.…”
Section: Staphylococcus Aureus and Host Specificitymentioning
confidence: 95%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…At that time characterization of S. aureus isolates by means of phenotypical traits (phage typing, hemolysine types, coagulase types, staphylokinase etc.) suggested the existence of host-adapted so-called ecovars such as for humans, cattle, sheep, and chicken (Meyer, 1967;Há jek and Marsá lek, 1969;Witte et al, 1977;Witte et al, 1978;Devriese, 1984;Theakston et al, 1990). These techniques have been useful for classifying bacterial isolates into convenient intraspecific subsets but provided little information about genetic relationships of these ecovars.…”
Section: Staphylococcus Aureus and Host Specificitymentioning
confidence: 95%
“…aureus is not only a colonizer of the upper respiratory tract mucosa of all mammals investigated so far, it has also been found in natural populations of birds (Há jek et al, 1988), in industrially raised poultry (Witte et al,1977), and probably also in snakes (Devriese and Há jek, 1980).…”
Section: Staphylococcus Aureus and Host Specificitymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Hajek and Horak (1978) confirmed this specificity; strains from human, porcine, bovine, ovine and leporine sources being generally refractile to this phage set, as were the strains from animal sources described as processed poultry in terms of cultural characteristics (Harry, 1967a, b;Shimizu, 1968;Hajek and Marsalek, 1971;Devriese et al, 1972;Sato et al, 1972;Kusch, 1977;Gibbs et al, 1978a). Witte et al (1977) defined Staph. aureus variety gallinae (a biotype frequently isolated from beak swabs, synovitis and dermonecrotic lesions) by this method, and by susceptibility to an experimental phage.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 51%
“…It has colonized approximately 30% asymptomatically of healthy people, permanently colonized the anterior nares in 10-20% of the population and intermittently colonized 30-50%; the rest of the population had never become colonized (Lowy 1998;Chambers 2001). Staphylococci aureus is not only a colonizer of the upper respiratory tract mucosa of all mammals investigated so far, it has also been found in natural populations of birds (Hajek et al 1988) in industrially raised poultry (Witte et al 1977) and probably also in snakes (Devriese & Hajek 1980). Since first being identified, S. aureus infections have been associated with significant morbidity and mortality.…”
Section: Staphylococcus Aureusmentioning
confidence: 98%