Background: Psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, are complex and challenging to study, partly due to the lack of suitable animal models. However, the absence of the Slc10a4 gene, which codes for a monoaminergic and cholinergic associated vesicular transporter protein, in knockout mice (Slc10a4-/-), leads to the accumulation of extracellular dopamine. This makes them a potential animal model for schizophrenia, a disorder known to be associated with altered dopamine signaling in the brain. Methods: The locomotion, auditory sensory filtering and prepulse inhibition (PPI) of Slc10a4-/- mice were quantified and compared to wildtype (WT) littermates. Intrahippocampal electrodes were used to record auditory event-related potentials (aERPs) for quantifying sensory filtering in response to paired-clicks. The channel above aERPs phase reversal was chosen for reliably comparing results between animals, and aERPs amplitude and latency of click responses were quantified. WT and Slc10a4-/- mice were also administered subanesthetic doses of ketamine to provoke psychomimetic behavior. Results: Baseline locomotion during auditory stimulation was similar between Slc10a4-/- mice and WT littermates. In WT animals, normal auditory gating was observed after i.p saline injections, and it was maintained under the influence of 5 mg/kg ketamine, but disrupted by 20 mg/kg ketamine. On the other hand, Slc10a4-/- mice did not show significant differences between N40 S1 and S2 amplitude responses in saline or low dose ketamine treatment. Auditory gating was considered preserved since the second N40 peak was consistently suppressed, but with increased latency. The P80 component showed higher amplitude, with shorter S2 latency under saline and 5 mg/kg ketamine treatment in Slc10a4-/- mice, which was not observed in WT littermates. Prepulse inhibition was also decreased in Slc10a4-/- mice when the longer interstimulus interval of 100 ms was applied, compared to WT littermates. Conclusion: The Slc10a4-/- mice responses indicate that cholinergic and monoaminergic systems participate in the PPI magnitude, in the temporal coding (response latency) of the auditory sensory gating component N40, and in the amplitude of aERPs P80 component. These results suggest that Slc10a4 -/- mice can be considered as potential models for neuropsychiatric conditions.