volume 13, issue 2, P209-225 1991
DOI: 10.1177/07399863910132006
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Felipe G. Castro, Erica V. Sharp, Elizabeth H. Barrington, Maureen Walton, Richard A. Rawson

Abstract: This review proposes the construct of drug use identity and presents a 4-stage model that features this construct. This 4-stage modelproposes that drug use identity, a latentfactor, undergoes a progressive transformation from identity as a casual user during the initiation stage (Stage 1), to identity as a drug addict at the treatment entiy stage (Stage 2), to identity as a recovering addict at the late treatment stage (Stage 3). At the posttreatment recovery stage (Stage 4), this new identity as a recovering…

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