Signal Processing 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.sigpro.2019.07.025 View full text
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Yang-Yang Dong, Chun-Xi Dong, Wei Liu, Ming-Ming Liu

Abstract: A novel DOA estimation method for known waveform sources with different unknown time delays and Doppler shifts is proposed. Based on the idea of maximum likelihood and the matrix projection theory, a decoupled cost function is first constructed and then the problem of estimating time delay and Doppler shift is transformed into a nonlinear least squares (NLS) problem. To solve the NLS problem efficiently without multidimensional search, a Toeplitz dominant rule is established to perform initial estimates with a…

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