2016
DOI: 10.1097/wnr.0000000000000544 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: A large body of research demonstrated that participants preferably look back to the encoding location when retrieving visual information from memory. However, the role of this 'looking back to nothing' is still debated. The goal of the present study was to extend this line of research by examining whether an important area in the cortical representation of the oculomotor system, the frontal eye field (FEF), is involved in memory retrieval. To interfere with the activity of the FEF, we used inhibitory continuou… Show more

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“…There is ample evidence that the DAN supports the topdown allocation of attention to visuo-spatial features of the external environment (Corbetta and Shulman 2002). However, recent studies suggest that this network may not be exclusively involved in controlling attention to the external world but may also contribute to memory retrieval (Kragel and Polyn 2015;Wantz et al 2016). Our results fit well with these findings and further suggest that DAN activity during episodic and semantic memory retrieval may reflect a greater focus of attention on mental representations of the external world rather than internal thoughts.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…There is ample evidence that the DAN supports the topdown allocation of attention to visuo-spatial features of the external environment (Corbetta and Shulman 2002). However, recent studies suggest that this network may not be exclusively involved in controlling attention to the external world but may also contribute to memory retrieval (Kragel and Polyn 2015;Wantz et al 2016). Our results fit well with these findings and further suggest that DAN activity during episodic and semantic memory retrieval may reflect a greater focus of attention on mental representations of the external world rather than internal thoughts.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…Whereas Johansson et al (2012) and Laeng et al (2014; see also Bochynska & Laeng, 2015;Johansson & Johansson, 2014;Laeng & Teodorescu, 2002;Wantz, Martarelli, Cazzoli, et al, 2016) came up with similar results, others did not find such strong effects, thereby calling into question the functional relationship between eye movements and memory retrieval (Martarelli & Mast, 2013;Staudte & Altmann, 2016;. For instance, in a study by Staudte and Altmann (2016), participants learned sequences of letters, each presented sequentially at a distinct location in a grid.…”
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“…Previous research has already discussed that shifts of attention might play a central role in explaining the looking-atnothing phenomenon (Brandt & Stark, 1997;Ferreira, Apel, & Henderson, 2008;Johansson et al, 2012;Laeng et al, 2014;Laeng & Teodorescu, 2002;Richardson, Altman, Spivey, & Hoover, 2009;Scholz et al, 2016;Wantz, Martarelli, Cazzoli, et al, 2016). Empirical results emphasizing the role of shifts of attention in executing eye movements to nothing during memory retrieval have been found by Richardson and Spivey (2000) and Johansson et al (2012).…”
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“…Research using computational modeling and network analyses, for example, indicates that the HPC and FEF are both anatomically and functionally connected Shen et al, 2016; for a review, see Ryan, Shen, & Liu, 2020). Indeed, whereas damage to the HPC leads to impairments on several eye-movement-based measures (e.g., Olsen et al, 2015Olsen et al, , 2016Hannula, Ryan, Tranel, & Cohen, 2007;Ryan, Althoff, Whitlow, & Cohen, 2000), disruption of the FEF (via TMS) leads to impairments in memory recall ( Wantz et al, 2016). Other work further suggests that visual and mnemonic processes share a similar reference frame, with connectivity between the HPC and V1 showing evidence of retinotopic orientation during both visual stimulation and visual imagery (Knapen, 2021; see also Silson, Zeidman, Knapen, & Baker, 2021).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning