2003
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2915.2003.00431.x
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Abstract: Abstract. Haematophagous female blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) are serious biting pests and obligate vectors of vertebrate pathogens, namely filarial Dirofilaria, Mansonella, Onchocerca and protozoal Leucocytozoon. Immature stages of Simuliidae inhabit lotic waterways, the sessile larvae filter-feeding and often forming a large proportion of the benthic biomass, usually aggregated in welloxygenated sections of streams, rivers, waterfalls and spillways. Simuliid control practices depend on larvicidal chemical… Show more

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Cited by 49 publications
(31 citation statements)
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References 38 publications
(25 reference statements)
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“…Crisp 1956. Crisp 1956Crosskey 1990;Jenkins 1964;Laird 1981;Lindegaard 1997;Peterson & Davies 1960;Werner & Pont 2003. Crisp 1956Service 1974;Crosskey 1990.…”
Section: Methodsunclassified
“…Crisp 1956. Crisp 1956Crosskey 1990;Jenkins 1964;Laird 1981;Lindegaard 1997;Peterson & Davies 1960;Werner & Pont 2003. Crisp 1956Service 1974;Crosskey 1990.…”
Section: Methodsunclassified
“…While Dolichopodidae are generally considered minor predators in annual crops, they are known to be attracted to resource strips in agricultural habitats [14] and are commonly collected in surveys of insect fauna in crop fields. In noncrop habitats, they feed on black flies, mosquitoes, and several bark beetle species [2,7,9,49]; however, their function within croplands is currently not well understood. Syrphidae and Nabidae were not strikingly more abundant in one crop over another, although there were significant differences among crops on a few specific sampling days.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Contrary to our expectations, a higher prevalence of parasites was found in nestlings reared in mature forest. Leucocytozoon sp., the only parasite detected, is transmitted by haematophagous flies that require a water stream for reproduction and atmospheric humidity (Werner & Pont 2003). It is possible that young forests present higher solar radiation and become drier environments than mature forests.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%