Infectious Disease Clinics of North America volume 18, issue 4, P809-827 2004 DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2004.08.002 View full text
John G. Bartlett

Abstract: Diagnostic tests for the detection of the etiologic agent of pneumonia are neither recommended nor done for most outpatients with CAP (Table 4).Most of these patients have no clear diagnosis but seem to do well with empiric antibiotic treatment, which often costs less than the diagnostic tests. For hospitalized patients, a pre-treatment blood culture and an expectorated sputum gram stain and culture should be done. Testing for Legionella spp is appropriate in hospitalized patients, especially those who are ser…

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