2011
DOI: 10.1590/s1807-59322011000600028
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Abstract: Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an acoustic external stimulus. It affects 10–17% of the world's population and it a complex symptom with multiple causes, which is influenced by pathways other than the auditory one. Recently, it has been observed that tinnitus may be provoked or modulated by stimulation arising from the somatosensorial system, as well as from the somatomotor and visual–motor systems. This specific subgroup – somatosensory tinnitus – is present in 65% of cases, even though … Show more

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Cited by 91 publications
(53 citation statements)
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References 48 publications
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“…Recent converging evidences suggest that the tinnitus-related neural activity is more complex and can be provoked or modulated by inputs from somatosensory, somatomotor and visual-motor system (Rocha and Sanchez, 2007;Sanchez et al, 2007;Sanchez and Rocha, 2011). Electroencephalographic (EEC) studies in tinnitus have highlighted several abnormalities regarding the background cerebral oscillations in various frequency bands, such as theta, delta, alpha, beta or gamma. Although previous EEC or magnetoencephalographic (MEG) studies on tinnitus sufferers reported conflicting data, a general tendency is a concentration of abnormalities mainly over the temporo-parietal (Shulman and Goldstein, 2002;Shulman et al, 2006;Schlee et al, 2009;Moazami-Goudarzi et al, 2010) and frontal regions (Shulman and Goldstein, 2002;Shulman et al, 2006).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Levine 42 described this phenomenon as a "fundamental characteristic of tinnitus", like its auditory and affective attributes. Somatic modulation has been reported in approximately two-thirds of tinnitus patients 35,43 ; other studies revealed tinnitus modulation in 85% 45 TMJ is the most common affected region in patients with somatic tinnitus. Rubinstein studied 102 individuals with tinnitus reporting that about one-third of the patients had influence on tinnitus by mandibular movements and/ or pressure applied to the temporomandibular joint [63][64][65] and found that subjects with tinnitus had a significantly higher prevalence of cranio-mandibular disorders.…”
Section: Considerations On Somatic Modulation Of Tinnitusmentioning
confidence: 95%
“…Patients with somatic tinnitus have shown different characteristics, being younger, with higher prevalence of female gender and unrelated to hearing loss (somatic tinnitus patients often have normal hearing) or tinnitus severity [58][59][60][61][62] . The most common musculoskeletal conditions that underlie somatic tinnitus are temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and cervical spine (NECK) disorders 43,44,52 .…”
Section: Considerations On Somatic Modulation Of Tinnitusmentioning
confidence: 99%
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