Yu-Hsuan Lin, Li-Ren Chang, Yang-Han Lee, Hsien-Wei Tseng, Terry B. J. Kuo, Sue-Huei Chen
Abstract:ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to develop a self-administered scale based on the special features of smartphone. The reliability and validity of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) was demonstrated.MethodsA total of 283 participants were recruited from Dec. 2012 to Jul. 2013 to complete a set of questionnaires, including a 26-item SPAI modified from the Chinese Internet Addiction Scale and phantom vibration and ringing syndrome questionnaire. There were 260 males and 23 females, with ages 22.9±2.0 ye…
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